Shale gas and hydraulic fracturing (fracking)
The surrounding areas of Warrington have a long history of industry, in particular coal mining. The area includes potential reserves of oil and gas, like coal bed methane and shale gas.
The UK's national oil and gas regulator has issued licences, for onshore oil and gas exploration in 10km x 10km blocks, to various companies in the Warrington area.
The licenses (issued by the Department of Energy and Climate Change - DECC) grant exclusive rights to oil and gas operators in a given area. Operators must obtain the necessary consents and permission from regulators. Certain exploratory works may be carried out under permitted development rights without the need for planning permission.